S Corp Stock and Debt Basis

S Corporation Shareholders are Required to Compute Both Stock and Debt Basis The amount of a shareholder’s stock and debt basis is very important. Unlike a C corporation, each year the stock and/or debt basis of an S corporation goes up and/or down based upon the S corporation’s operations. The S corporation will issue a…

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Worker Classification

Employers must withhold Social Security and income taxes from employee paychecks. Conversely, independent contractors are responsible for reporting and paying their own Social Security and income taxes. Businesses use several factors to determine how to classify its workers, including the degree of control the business has over its workers. Generally, the more control the business…

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Independent Contractor or Employee

It is critical that you, the employer, correctly determine whether the individuals providing services are employees or independent contractors. Generally, you must withhold income taxes, withhold and pay Social Security and Medicare taxes, and pay unemployment tax on wages paid to an employee. You do not generally have to withhold or pay any taxes on…

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Medical expenses for dependent elderly relatives

With regard to medical expenses, long-term care expenses are deductible if an individual is a chronically ill individual under the cognitive impairment trigger and are provided pursuant to a plan of care prescribed by a licensed health care practitioner. In Notice 97-31, 1997-1 CB 417, the IRS established a safe-harbor definition for cognitive impairment triggers…

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Tax Incentives for Ethanol

Biofuels have been embraced by supporters from President George W. Bush to the Natural Resources Defense Council. Before 1930, the U.S. Treasury focused on shutting down small alcohol producers. After 1978, U.S. energy policy sought to encourage ethanol production to reduce dependence on foreign oil. Federal and state incentives have been credited with increasing ethanol…

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Help for Victims of Ponzi Schemes – Revenue Rule

The IRS provides two items of guidance to help taxpayers who are victims of losses from Ponzi-type investment schemes. Revenue Ruling 2009-9 provides guidance on determining the amount and timing of losses from these schemes, which is difficult and dependent on the prospect of recovering the lost money (which may not become known for several…

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Unemployed Tax Ramifications

The loss of a job may create new tax issues. Severance pay and unemployment compensation are taxable. Payments for any accumulated vacation or sick time also are taxable. You should ensure that enough taxes are withheld from these payments or make estimated tax payments to avoid a big bill at tax time. Public assistance and…

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IRS Voluntary Disclosure Practice

IRS Voluntary Disclosure Practice TAX CRIMES – GENERALIRM 9.5.11.9 Voluntary Disclosure Practice (1) It is currently the practice of the IRS that a voluntary disclosure will be considered along with all other factors in the investigation in determining whether criminal prosecution will be recommended. This voluntary disclosure practice creates no substantive or procedural rights for…

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Deducting Theft Losses From "Ponzi" Schemes

The IRS released Rev. Rul. 2009-9 addressing the tax treatment of “Ponzi” scheme losses, and Rev. Proc. 2009-20 which provides safe harbor options for deducting these losses. The guidance is welcome relief to the thousands of investors who have lost money in the Bernard Madoff scandal and others who have incurred similar Ponzi scheme losses.…

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