Net Operating Losses

Sec. 172(a) allows taxpayers to deduct against a tax year's income those net operating losses both carried over to the tax year from previous tax years and carried back from later tax years. An NOL basically is the excess of

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Posted in Net Operating Loss, NOL

Hobby Losses

Sec. 183 denies loss deductions beyond income earned from activities in which the taxpayer does not intend to make a profit. These deductions are typically referred to as "hobby losses." Generally, an activity is presumed to be carried on for-profit

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Posted in Business Expense, Hobby

Gambling Losses

Sec. 165(d) limits all but professional gamblers from taking losses incurred in a wagering activity to the amount of any gains. As a result, a taxpayer cannot claim a deduction for losses incurred while gambling or betting in excess of

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Abandoment Losses

While a taxpayer conducts a trade or business, one or more items of business property may suddenly stop being useful. For a variety of reasons, the taxpayer may choose to stop conducting business with the property or permanently discard it.

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Posted in Rental Real Estate

Bad Debt Losses

Code Sec. 166, titled "Bad Debts," generally controls who is entitled to a bad debt deduction and when a bad debt may be deducted. Sec. 166 conditions treatment generally on whether a bad debt is incurred in a trade or

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Posted in Cancelled Debt

Personal Casualty Losses

Taxpayers may generally deduct losses that are sustained during the tax year and not compensated for by insurance or otherwise (Sec. 165). For individuals, deductible losses must fall within one of three categories: losses incurred in a trade or business;

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Investment Theft Losses

Victims of investment schemes or fraud may find themselves under the casualty loss rules, rather than using the net capital loss rules to salvage their position. Sec. 165(e) allows reporting a deduction for theft losses in the year in which

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Section 1231 losses

Code Sec. 1231 makes available the best of both worlds to businesses with a certain combination of capital gains and losses. Net gains from the disposal of Sec. 1231 property are taxed at capital gain rates, while net losses from

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Posted in Rental Real Estate, Tax Guidance & Preparation, Tax Problems & Requests

Net Capital Losses

After the netting of long-term and short-term capital gains and losses for any tax year, any remaining net capital loss in excess of $3,000 ($1,500 for married taxpayers filing separately) must be carried forward into the next tax year. That

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Posted in Capital Loss

At Risk Losses

Code Sec. 465 generally limits a taxpayer's deductible loss applicable to a trade or business or production of income to the amount that the taxpayer has at risk with respect to an activity. The rules apply to individuals and certain

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Posted in Passive Activity, Rental Real Estate
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